November 2013 is when Canada has to submit and present it’s seabed mapping data as per the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).
Just as Arctic politics take centre stage today, Canada and the other Northern nations must confront shared polar realities from climate change to how best to handle the new economics. There is a development boom underway, including trans-Arctic shipping, oil and gas development and tourism.
The Arctic Council states – Canada, Denmark (Greenland), Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Russia and the United States (Alaska) – all face incredible challenges posed by the Arctic’s geography, infrastructure and climate as well as military-aboriginal issues.
The Inuit do not always feel that they are part of the “dialogue.”
Over a third of the population of Nunavut is under the age of 15, which is around twice as high as the rest of Canada. But, sadly, the dreams of many of Canada’s young Arctic inhabitants do not materialize due to the lack of job opportunities, isolation, and complex social problems. Overall, the Inuit tend to live up to 15 years less than other Canadians.
Arctic Canada comprises around 40% of Canada’s landmass, including the 19,000 islands of the Arctic Archipelago. The fragile Arctic ecosystem is under threat as a result of global warming and pollution.